Penetration Testing

What you don’t know about compliance…

People are always mystified by how hackers break into major networks like Target, Hannaford, Sony, (government networks included), etc.  They always seem to be under the impression that hackers have some elite level of skill.  The truth is that it doesn’t take any skill to break into most networks because they aren’t actually protected. Most network owners don’t care about security because they don’t perceive the threat as real.  They suffer from the “it won’t ever happen to me” syndrome.

As a genuine penetration testing company we take on dozens of new opportunities per month.  Amazingly, roughly 80% of businesses that request services don’t want quality security testing, they want a simple check in the compliance box. They perceive quality security testing as an unnecessary and costly annoyance that stands in the way of new revenue.  These businesses test because they are required to, not because they want to.  These requirements stem from partners, customers, and regulations that include but are not limited to PCI-DSS, HIPAA, etc.

Unfortunately these requirements make the problem worse rather than better.  For example, while PCI requires merchants to receive penetration tests it completely fails to provide any effective or realistic baseline against which to measure the test results.  This is also true of HIPAA and other third party testing requirements.  To put this into perspective, if the National Institute of Justice set their V50 or V0 standards in the same manner then it would be adequate and acceptable to test bulletproof vests with  squirt guns.  Some might argue that poor testing is better than nothing but we’d disagree.  Testing at less than realistic levels of threat does nothing to prevent the real threat from penetrating.

Shoddy testing requirements and a general […]

Quality Penetration Testing by Netragard

The purpose of Penetration Testing is to identify the presence of points where an external entity can make its way into or through a protected entity. Penetration Testing is not unique to IT security and is used across a wide variety of different industries.  For example, Penetration Tests are used to assess the effectiveness of body armor.  This is done by exposing the armor to different munitions that represent the real threat. If a projectile penetrates the armor then the armor is revised and improved upon until it can endure the threat.

Network Penetration Testing is a class of Penetration Testing that applies to Information Technology. The purpose of Network Penetration Testing is to identify the presence of points where a threat (defined by the hacker) can align with existing risks to achieve penetration. The accurate identification of these points allows for remediation.

Successful penetration by a malicious hacker can result in the compromise of data with respect to Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (“CIA”).  In order to ensure that a Network Penetration Test provides an accurate measure of risk (risk = probability x impact) the test must be delivered at a threat level that is slightly elevated from that which is likely to be faced in the real world. Testing at a lower than realistic threat level would be akin to testing a bulletproof vest with a squirt gun.

Threat levels can be adjusted by adding or removing attack classes. These attack classes are organized under three top-level categories, which are Network Attacks, Social Attacks, and Physical Attacks.  Each of the top-level categories can operate in a standalone configuration or can be used to augment the other.  For example, Network Penetration Testing with Social Engineering creates a […]

Brian Chess, CTO of Fortify Software – Creating Confusion

So this entry goes to support my previous post about Insecure Security Technologies and some of the confusion that these vendors can cause. Recently Networkworld published an article named “Penetration Testing: Dead in 2009″ and cited Brian Chess, the CTO of Fortify Software as the expert source. The first thing that I want to point out is that Brian Chess is creating confusion amongst the non-expert people who read the article linked above.  The laymen might actually think that Penetration Testing is going to be dead in 2009 and as a result might decide to buy technology as a replacement for the service.  Well, before you make that mistake read this entire entry. I’ll give you facts (not dreamy opinions) about why Penetration Testing is required and why its here to stay.As a side note, Brian Chess has a vested interest in perpetrating this fantasy because his objective is first and foremost to sell you his technology.  Technology, like Brian Chess’s technology is a solution to a problem, which by definition means that the problem came first and the technology was always a few steps behind.  With respect to IT Security, hackers are always creating new methods for penetrating into networks (the problem). Because those methods of attack are new, the technology is not able to defeat them (because the solution doesn’t yet exist). So if technology can’t protect you, then how do you protect yourself?The best way to protect yourself is to use a combination of technology (to solve known problems) and Penetration Testing (to identify the unknown). A properly executed penetration test will reproduce the same or greater threat levels that your infrastructure will likely face in the real world.  This is akin to testing the […]

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